There’s plenty of advice about how to use your time more wisely — everything from creating routines to planning out your day the night before. But when you’re in the trenches and you feel the siren song of Candy Crush (or your distraction of choice) calling your name, no routine or well-planned to-do list can save you from yourself.
Those are the times when you need a great productivity hack to put you back on track.
Here are three ways you can force yourself to be more productive on your most procrastination-prone days:
How to Be More Productive
1. Just start already (even if only for five minutes)
This first tip is one I picked up years ago from the home cleaning guru FlyLady (a.k.a. Marla Cilley). She tells her followers to commit to a daily five-minute room rescue and to do it now! We have all experienced the overwhelming sensation of seeing a sink piled with dishes or an overflowing inbox and deciding to deal with it “later.” FlyLady says to just commit to five minutes on whatever it is you’re dreading — and to do it right this minute.
Cilley’s advice is based on human psychology: just starting a project makes it easier to finish it.
That’s because of something called the Zeigarnik Effect, a phenomenon where your brain sends signals telling you to finish a project you have left undone. According to the psychologists who discovered it: “It seems to be human nature to finish what we start and, if it is not finished, we experience dissonance.”
In addition, Cilley’s admonition to do a five-minute cleanup of a room helps to overcome our natural disinclination to start an overwhelming project. If we tell ourselves we only need to work for five minutes, we’re much more likely to get started. And once we’ve started, the Zeigarnik Effect kicks in, and we have our own brains nagging us to keep going until we’ve finished.
2. Work in bursts
When you have a huge project hanging over your head, it may seem as though you need to clear entire days to get some work done on it. After all, a big project requires a big chunk of time to complete.
Except research has shown this thinking is simply not true. We do better when we concentrate on difficult tasks in short, focused bursts, followed by short rests — instead of devoting an entire day to a difficult activity. Basically, working on something difficult for a short amount of time is much more productive than filling a longer period of time with busy work.
To implement this method in your own career, I personally recommend the Pomodoro Technique: set a timer and work for 25 minutes, then take a five-minute break. The planned breaks allow you the space to use your work time as productively as possible.
3. Procrastinate constructively
When I was in college, I would often spend the days leading up to a major project’s due date working on homework for other classes. I’d always get the project done on time, but I’d end up spending a great deal of time getting ahead in other classes first.
This was a form of constructive procrastination. Basically, you can either procrastinate by doing important (but less time-sensitive) tasks, or by doing completely unproductive tasks, like checking Facebook or playing video games. Constructive procrastinators may be avoiding the top item on their to-do list, but at least they’re getting something done.
Chris Bailey of A Year of Productivity suggests taking my old college habit one step further: create a procrastination list of items you’re allowed to work on if you find yourself procrastinating.
Creating such a list offers two important benefits. First, if you do end up procrastinating on the time-sensitive work you’re avoiding, you’ll at least be using your time productively. Second, you may find that nothing on your list is more appealing than just getting to work on the dreaded task.
The Bottom Line
While we are each given the same 24 hours each day, the most productive of us are able to do more with it. Using these three tips can help you make the most of your work time — which will make your time off feel that much sweeter.
What’s your #1 productivity tip? Share it with us in the comments!